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[英语] 教师招聘考试之英语学科复习精选:题型分析(3)

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发表于 2019-3-2 10:20:44 |显示全部楼层
2017年最新教师招聘考试内部教材
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英语写作


纵观近几年招教考试英语写作题,题材一般是写人、写事、写物、写景、日记、书信、通知、便条等文体。一般来说,不同的写作题材,它的人物、时间、写作的重点也是不尽相同的。英语写作重点考查学生综合运用英语语言的能力,在考试中重点注意一下几个方面:


(一)句式要有变化

1.复合句、并列句

2.倒装句

3.强调句型It is...that (who)...

4.非谓语动词

5.虚拟语气

6.固定句型结构too...to...,so...that..., such a...that..., not only...but also...,neither...nor...,such as...,not ...until..., so that...,either...or...


7.直接引语与间接引语

8.多种时态,动名词、不定式、并列结构


(二)要使用高等级词汇及短语

1.使用高等级词汇

2.使用短语

3.使用谚语

4.使用表强调的词,如alone, just, single, only, not...at all,on the earth,the very,on earth等。

5.使用修辞手法:明喻, 暗喻,夸张,头韵,拟人等。

as busy as a bee, as proud as a peacock,as blind as a bat,as cool as a cucumber


(三)使用连接词,过渡自然,连贯通顺,一气呵成


1. 用于按空间展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有:above,before,here,on the left,across,below,in the distance,on the right,beyond,nearby,opposite to,over,also,further,next to,on top of,up,down,close to,beneath,under,around,near to,along


2.用于按时间顺序展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有:soon, then, suddenly, at the same time, next, early, this morning /year,now, after, at present, later, afterwards finally, at last, all of a sudden, at noon, in the morning/afternoon/evening


3.用于按分析法展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有:first, second, now,for this purpose,but,as a result,furthermore,finally,at last,moreover,also,therefore,likewise,another,for example,next,yet,for instance,on the contrary,once,in addition,in summary,such,in this case,on the other hand,then,otherwise,in conclusion,thus


4.用于按比较法展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有:another,moreover,in addition (to),equally important,too, also,at the same time,besides,then,in the same way,in fact,like,similarly


5.用于按对比法展开的段落之中的连接词和过渡词有:on the contrary,different from,on the other hand,in contrast to,despite,in spite of, yet, but,whereas, unlike,nevertheless,not only...but also,here...there,the former...the latter,then...now,some...others,one...the other,once...now,on the one hand...on the other hand(一方面……另一方面)。


6.逻辑关系

递进: then(然后), besides(还有), furthermore(而且), moreover(此外)

转折: however(然而), but(但是), on the country(相反), after all(毕竟)

总结: finally(最后), at last(最后), in brief(总之),in conclusion(最后)

强调: indeed(确实), certainly(一定), surely(确定), above all(尤其)

对比: in the same way(同样地), just as(正如), on the one hand...on the other hand


(四)写作中使用率最高、覆盖面最广的基本句式

以下是短文写作中使用率最高、覆盖面最广的基本句式,每组句式的功能相同或相似,考生可根据自己的情况选择其中的1—2个,做到能够熟练正确地仿写或套用。


1.表示原因

There are three reasons for this.

The reasons for this are as follows.

The reason for this is obvious.

The reason for this is not far to seek.

The reason for this is that...

We have good reason to believe that...


2.表示好处

It has the following advantages.

It does us a lot of good.

It benefits us quite a lot.

It is beneficial to us.

It is of great benefit to us.


3.表示坏处

It has more disadvantages than advantages.

It does us much harm.


4.表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

It is important(necessary,difficult,convenient, possible)for sb. to do sth.

We think it necessary to do sth.

It plays an important role in our life.


5.表示措施

We should take some effective measures.

We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties.

We should do our utmost to do sth.

We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced)with.


6.表示变化

Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications.

The computer has brought about many changes in education.


7.表示事实、现状

We cannot ignore the fact that...

No one can deny the fact that...

There is no denying the fact that...

This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

However,that’s not the case.


8.表示比较

Compared A with B.

I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

There is a striking contrast between them.


9.表示数量

It has increased(decreased)from...to...

The population in this city has now increased (decreased)to 800,000.

The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.


10.表示看法

People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth.

People have different opinions on this problem.

People take different views of(on)the question.

Some people believe that...Others argue that...


11.表示结论

In short,it can be said that...

It may be briefly summed up as follows.

From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that...


12.套语

It’s well known to us that...

As is known to us...

This is a topic that is being widely talked about.

From the graph(table,chart)listed above,it can be seen that...

As a proverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way.”



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