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[英语] 【英语老师必读】高分作文写作技巧

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发表于 2017-8-30 11:44:11 |显示全部楼层
2017年最新教师招聘考试内部教材
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[size=1em]英语专业笔试试卷中,作文部分通常为20-30分,因此,写好作文无疑是获得高分的关键。一起考教师对此做了详细的调研,在此针对作文的开头,过渡及结尾部分給考生一些提示。

考生在拿到作文后第一件事要做的就是审题,首先要确定作文的体裁和题材,是议论文,说明文,还是描述文和应用文。接下来,在确定了体裁之后,我们就要确定写作方法,文章结构,并构思文章的大体脉络。一般来说,根据招教考试试卷中的真题类型极其要求来说,我们一般将文章段落确定为三段或四段。结构为总-分-总式。

第一段主要是点明主题,对题目中所提及的现象进行描述或对图片,表格进行介绍。并点明主题句,表明自己的观点。

第二段主要用于列举论据来支持论点或主题句。
最后一段用于总结概括文章的主旨,表达美好祝愿或提议倡议。

开头部分
开始部分可以套用的句式如下:
1. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。
__ has been playing an increasingly important role in our dailylife. It has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problemsas well.

2. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。
__has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on theirway.

3. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。According tothe figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that__

4.随着经济的快速发展 …已被广泛应用。
With the rapid development ofeconomy … has been widely used by people.

5.人们普遍认为
It is commonly believed/recognized that…

6….引起了广泛的公众关注
…arouse widepublic concern/ draw public attention

7. 关于…人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……
People’s opinions about __ vary from person to person. Somepeople say that __.

8.随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是…
Along with the advance of the society more andmore problems are brought to our attention, one of which is that....

9. 随着社会的发展,人们开始关注...
As society develops, people are attaching much importance to....

10. 最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛关注,有人开始担心…
Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are inalarm that....

中间部分
1. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,
Confronted with…we should take a series of effective measures to…For one thing,…For another,…

2. 对…观点因人而异, 有人认为…
Views on …vary fromperson to person. Some of them hold that…

3. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。
However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, …alsohas its own disadvantages, such as …

4.然而,另一些人则认为__。
However, some others argue that...

5. 提到…问题,很多人认为…不过,一些人则认为…
When it comes to ..., most people believe that ..., but other peopleregard ...as …..

6. 有些人认为…有很多有利之处(不利之处)。
Some people contend that ... has proved to bring many advantages(disadvantages)

7. 有人会认为…但是,另外一些人则认为…
Many people would claim that...But othershold the view that ...

8. 就我个人而言,我支持后者(前者)
Personally, I sidewith the latter (former) opinion...

9. 在我看来,我较同意后一种观点。
As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of thelatter view.

结尾部分
1. 总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注……这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来……。
In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to theproblem of __.Only in this way can __in the future.

2. 随着社会的发展,……。因此,迫切需要……。如果每个人都愿为社会贡献自已的一份力量,这个社会将要变得越来越好。
With the development of society, __.So its urgent and necessaryto __.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society, itwill be better and better.

3. 综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论……
From what has been discussed above, we may reasonably arrive at theconclusion that__.

4. 如果我们不采取有效的方法,就可能控制不了这种趋势,就会出现一些意想不到的不良后果,所以,我们应该做的是……
If we can not take useful means, we may not control this trend, andsome undesirable result may come out unexpectedly, so what we should dois__.

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